Scaling up diagnostic testing, treatment and surveillance for malaria. – T3: Test. Treat. Track.

The April 2012 WHO Global Malaria Programme initiative – T3: Test. Treat. Track; supports malaria-endemic countries in their efforts to achieve universal coverage with diagnostic testing and antimalarial treatment, as well as in strengthening their malaria surveillance systems.

The initiative seeks to focus the attention of policy-makers and donors on the importance of adopting WHO’s latest evidence-based recommendations on diagnostic testing, treatment and surveillance, and on updating existing malaria control and elimination strategies, as well as country-specific operational plans. Malaria-endemic countries should ensure that every suspected malaria case is tested, that every confirmed case is treated with a quality-assured antimalarial medicine, and that the disease is tracked through timely and accurate surveillance systems to guide policy and operational decisions.


By strengthening diagnostic testing, treatment and surveillance through the T3 Initiative, affected countries will substantially improve child and maternal health; provide the much-needed bridge between efforts to achieve universal coverage with prevention tools and the goal of eliminating malaria deaths, and eventually eradicating the disease. It will also lead to a better overall understanding of the disease burden and enable national malaria control programmes to better direct available resources to where they are most needed.


Zero Malaria – “Draw the Line Against Malaria”.

Key Facts About Malaria.

  • Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. It is preventable and curable.
  • In 2019, there were an estimated 229 million cases of malaria worldwide.
  • The estimated number of malaria deaths stood at 409 000 in 2019.
  • The WHO African Region carries a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden. In 2019, the region was home to 94% of malaria cases and deaths.
  • According to the 2019 World Malaria Report, Nigeria had the highest number of global malaria cases (57,250,000 malaria cases) in 2018 and accounted for the highest number of deaths (98,160 malaria deaths).  
  • Children aged under 5 years are the most vulnerable group affected by malaria; in 2019, they accounted for 67% (274 000) of all malaria deaths worldwide.
  • Malaria is caused by Plasmodium The parasites are spread to people through the bites of infected female Anophelesmosquitoes, called “malaria vectors.” There are 5 parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and 2 of these species – P. falciparum and P. vivax – pose the greatest threat.
  • In 2018,  falciparumaccounted for 99.7% of estimated malaria cases in the WHO African Region, 50% of cases in the WHO South-East Asia Region, 71% of cases in the Eastern Mediterranean and 65% in the Western Pacific.
  • vivaxis the predominant parasite in the WHO Region of the Americas, representing 75% of malaria cases.

Read more “Zero Malaria – “Draw the Line Against Malaria”.”

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